The Lancaster House Agreement
During its deliberations, the conference agreed on the following themes: the three-month conference was almost unable to reach an agreement due to differences of opinion on land reform. Mugabe was put under pressure to sign, and the country was the most important stumbling block. [Citation required] Both the British and American governments proposed to compensate white citizens for each country sold to support reconciliation (the “Willing Buyer, Willing Seller” principle) and to create a fund to operate from 1980 to 1990. [Citation required] Tags: diplomacy, FCO historian, Joshua Nkomo, Lancaster House, Lancaster House Agreement, Margaret Thatcher, Rhodesia, Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe Another dimension of the Prime Minister`s reconciliation policy was to ask Lord Soames, who managed the country during the three-month transition period, to partner with him to lead the country to independence. As part of a gentlemen`s agreement, Lord Soames remained governor until 18 April 1980, when the Union ceded Jack to the Zimbabwean flag. Forty years ago, on December 21, 1979, an agreement was signed at Lancaster House. This put an end to the illegal white-dominated regime dominated by Rhodesia since the Unilateral Declaration of Independence (IDU) in 1965 and inaugurated the newly independent state of Zimbabwe. The Lancaster House Agreement was an early diplomatic success for Margaret Thatcher`s new Conservative government and remains one of the most remarkable achievements of British diplomacy since World War II. Following the Commonwealth Heads of State and Government Meeting in Lusaka from 1 to 7 August 1979, the British government invited Muzorewa and patriotic Front leaders to a constitutional conference at Lancaster House. The aim of the conference was to discuss and agree on the terms of an independence constitution, to agree on the holding of elections under the supervision of the United Kingdom and to enable Rhodesia to achieve legitimate and internationally recognized independence, as the parties having settled their differences by political means. The agreement would lead to the dissolution of Zimbabwe`s unrecognized state of Rhodesia, created months earlier by the internal regime; an agreement between moderate black nationalists and the government of Prime Minister Ian Smith. While Zimbabwe-Rhodesia has not been recognized, the internal settlement has deprived the majority of blacks (so far the main British claim) and led to the election of the country`s first black prime minister.